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Wednesday, May 2, 2012 | Comments (7)

by John MacArthur

Part 1: Start with Praise

“Pray then in this way: ‘Our Father in heaven, hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come, Your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from evil.’” (Matthew 6:9-13)

Study the exemplary prayers in Scripture and you cannot help noticing that all of them are brief and simple. Prayer that is heartfelt, urgent, and unfeigned must be of that style. Verbiage and windbaggery are badges of insincerity, especially in prayer. The prayer of the publican in Luke 18:13 is as short and to the point as possible: “God, be merciful to me, a sinner!” Then there’s the prayer of the thief on the cross: “Jesus, remember me when You come in Your kingdom!” (Luke 23:42). Those prayers are cut from the same cloth as Peter’s cry for help when he was walking on water—sometimes cited as the shortest prayer in the Bible: “Lord, save me” (Matthew 14:30).

Scripture records very few long prayers. Much of Psalm 119 is addressed to God in the language of prayer, and of course, that is the Bible’s longest chapter. Other than that, Nehemiah 9:5-38 contains the longest prayer in all of Scripture, and it can be read aloud with expression in less than seven minutes. John 17 is the New Testament’s longest prayer. It’s also the longest of Jesus’ recorded prayers, just twenty-six verses long.

We know, of course, that Jesus prayed much longer prayers than that, because Scripture records several instances where He prayed in solitude for extended periods of time (Matthew 14:23; Mark 6:46). When it suited Him, He would even spend the entire night in prayer (Luke 6:12). It was His habit thus to pray, both privately and with His disciples (John 18:2). And the pattern was clear: His long prayers were the ones He prayed in private. His public prayers were perfect examples of crisp, forthright, plain speaking.

Listening to Jesus pray and observing His constant dependence on private prayer gave the disciples an appetite for prayer. So they asked Him, “Lord, teach us to pray” (Luke 11:1). He responded by repeating the very same model prayer He gave in the Sermon on the Mount. We call it the Lord’s Prayer. We ought rather to think of it as the Disciples’ Prayer, because its centerpiece is a petition for divine forgiveness, something Jesus would never need to pray for. Like all great praying, it is both succinct and unpretentious. There is not a wasted word, not a hint of vain repetition, and not a single note of ostentation or ceremony in the whole prayer:

And He said to them, “When you pray, say: ‘Father, hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread. And forgive us our sins, For we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation’” (Luke 11:2-4).

That prayer was a pattern for the disciples to follow, not a mantra to be recited without engaging the mind or passions. The various elements of Jesus’ prayer are all reminders of what our praying ought to include: praise, petition, penitence, and a plea for grace in our sanctification. Those are not only the key elements of prayer, they are also some of the principal features of authentic worship.

And that’s where we’ll start in our next post.

John MacArthur


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#1  Posted by David Strickland  |  Wednesday, May 2, 2012 at 6:26 AM

Great post. Thanks for the encouraging word. It seems most prayers people hear in small prayer groups or church services seem to be longer prayers. It's a great reminder to those who pray shorter prayers that it's not a reflection of their walk just cause they don't pray longer prayers.

#2  Posted by Daniel Wilson  |  Wednesday, May 2, 2012 at 3:32 PM

Amen.. Praise Jesus for that.. He taught us how to pray.. :D

#3  Posted by Joseph Wade  |  Wednesday, May 2, 2012 at 4:19 PM

Thank you for good sound teaching, I often pray throughout the day and try to pray when I awake, it seems that the Martin Luther prayed 3 hours every morning, "WOW" I love using the Lord's prayer as the standard, looking forward to your next post.

#4  Posted by Timothy Hoy  |  Thursday, May 3, 2012 at 12:23 AM

Pastor John, Thank you so much for leading us through God's Word and giving us the plain meaning of what God has Said!! In short back in 1988 I turned on the radio one day at work and tuned in Grace To You for the very first time! I was astonished to hear such clear teaching! At the time I belonged to a charismatic church. I ordered right away your book, The Gospel According to Jesus!! Began reading and then shared it with one of the deacons of the church I was going to, he said "Oh NO, you don't want to read anything by this man!!" I was so confused, well shortly after that I found your book Charismatic Chaos...I was so saddened that I was being taught wrongly by this church, met with the pastor and told him I must leave, he sent me on to the church I had chose to go to, a bible teaching church, with blessing so the pastor and I embraced and I went to Wildwood Chapel! The very first book that the pastor of that church gave me to read was none other than The Gospel According to Jesus!! I was blown away and said I was told by my former church not to read that, he explained why and I then said well I already own it!! God I so good!! and I than HIM and Grace To You for expanding His Kingdom and Helping so many just like myself! God Bless You all there for so many years of help and growth!!

Timothy Hoy

#5  Posted by Brad Weidenhammer  |  Thursday, May 3, 2012 at 10:00 AM

What I like about Pastor John's comments is not so much his thoughts about prayer (though they are good) is his source for the answer to the question.

"Study the exemplary prayers in Scripture and ..."

and "Scripture records very few long prayers. " are examples from Pastor John above of where to find answers. I know this is classic JMAC. Oh that more leaders would provide answers - to everything - from the scriptures.


#6  Posted by Michael Phelps  |  Thursday, May 3, 2012 at 7:37 PM

Thank you Mr. MacArthur. I asked God to help me with my prayer life and He used you to answer me.

#7  Posted by Louis Bell  |  Thursday, May 3, 2012 at 9:05 PM

Once again, I am greatful for your gifted insight to the Truth of Scripture. This is a great model for our prayer. Another instruction from our Manufacturer. (John keyed that term)