It has been our privilege over the last several weeks and will again this morning to be looking at 2 Corinthians chapter 3, Paul's rich heartfelt letter to his beloved Corinthian church. And as we are in chapter 3 looking at verses 6 through 18, we're considering the subject, "The Glory of the New Covenant...the New Covenant." I have reminded you in the weeks past that the new covenant is the covenant in Christ's blood, that is the promise of salvation through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The new covenant is glorious, the new covenant is all-sufficient, the new covenant saves. It is the new covenant that is the heart of the Christian gospel that Jesus died and rose again to provide forgiveness of sin, a covering righteousness and eternal life.
We preach the new covenant. We preach the gospel. So did Paul. Unfortunately, however, Paul had his steps dogged by some people who were preaching the old covenant also, trying to confuse the issue of salvation. The gospel of Jesus Christ is sufficient to save. We always say that salvation is by grace alone through faith alone in Christ alone. It has no necessary ritual that contributes to salvation. There is no ceremony and there are no human works. A sinner broken and contrite and humbled over his own iniquity or her own iniquity realizing there's no way out of judgment and iniquity comes to God, pleads grace, pleads mercy, pleads forgiveness. And God on the basis of what Jesus Christ has done to satisfy His own justice and to provide an atonement for that sinner forgives, embraces the sinner, covers the sinner in the righteousness of Christ and gives them the promise of eternal life. That's the Christian gospel.
There is no ceremony that is a part of it. There is no ritual that is a part of it. That is why in a truly Christian church where the gospel is understood in a truly new covenant environment, we don't have ceremony and symbol, but rather the clear explanation of the reality in Jesus Christ. We're not depending on symbols for our salvation. We're depending on the reality of Jesus Christ.
But always...always, whether in Paul's day or our day there are those who want to come along with what we call symbolic religion, a kind of sacramental religion, sacerdotal religion that puts into some symbolic kind of behavior spiritual meaning, spiritual reality and saving grace. There were those in Corinth doing that, coming along and demanding that the people who were already redeemed in Christ in order to validate their redemption and to assure their redemption needed to keep the ceremonial law of Moses. These Gentiles needed to be circumcised. They needed to make sure they followed through on washings and ceremonies and sacrifices and etc. They were demanding a return to old covenant symbols which were now obsolete since the reality had come. Going back and exalting the symbols is pointless. It not only rejects the reality of the gospel, but perverts the purpose and meaning of the symbols which never were intended to minister grace, never were intended to minister spiritual life but only to be pictures of that which could and would do that.
So in dealing with this in Corinth, Paul writes in this section a concern that people understand the difference between the new covenant and the old...or better stated, that people will understand the transition from the old covenant to the new. It isn't that the old covenant and new covenant are opposites. It isn't that they are opposed to each other. It is that one gives way to the next. The old covenant in and of itself was not complete, it could not save, it could not grant righteousness, it had to pass away and be replaced by the new. The old covenant, however, did serve a purpose, a very good purpose and that purpose was fulfilled historically. And when the time came for that purpose to fade, it faded and the new covenant came in its place.
As I've been thinking about all of this, I've been trying to cover as much as I could to help you get a grip on it, I've been more aware that there are so many people in broad evangelicalism who do not understand the relationship between the new covenant and the old, between Law and gospel, between Law and grace. This was pointed out to me this week in a most surprising and disappointing way. I was talking to an individual, he was telling me about his church, telling me about his pastor and he was telling me that after years in the pastorate and years in this particular church he had gone to his pastor and doing some of his own Bible study as a layman and he had said to him, "How were people in the Old Testament saved?" To which the pastor immediately replied, "By keeping the Law."
And, of course, I don't know how far and wide that misconception goes but when you find it at the level of spiritual leadership, it is indeed a grievous thing. Nobody was ever saved by the Law in any age...ever. The Law couldn't save.
Now let me talk a little about the Law, and let's get back to kind of...we'll kind of work our way down a funnel to get back to where we...we left off. When we talk about the Law in the Bible, we're talking about the Law that we put under the category of the Mosaic Law, that is to say that which God revealed to Moses. God revealed His law to Moses.
Now the Law that God revealed to Moses which is recorded in the Old Testament, particularly, of course, in the law...the first five books. That Law has three components, basically, three components...civil law, moral law and ceremonial law. Now let me see if I can't help you to understand the purposes of those.
Civil law was God-given instruction for the socioeconomic life of His people Israel. Certainly some of the things God gave in His civil law for their life would transcend them but primarily He gave a kind of order for their social life that would isolate them from the world around them so they wouldn't be overly influenced by paganism and they could maintain themselves as a pure testimony to the one God in the world. So there is in the law of Moses a civil component which was designed to make Israel a unique nation.
Secondly, there is a moral component. There is a part of the revealed Law to Moses which is ethical, which is moral. It has nothing to do with social behavior in terms of a socioeconomic system to make a nation distinct, it has to do with morality. It has to do with behavior toward God and toward man in a social realm, but behavior that is moral. It's the moral part of the Law. It has to do with the heart. It has to do with virtue, with righteousness and with sin.
The third component of the Law is the ceremonial component. The ceremonial component of the Law is a series of pictures or symbols. In one way or another, they're all tied to redemption. They're all tied to God's saving purpose. They may demonstrate the sinfulness of man which portrays his need for saving. They may demonstrate the sacrifice of the cross...for example, the animal sacrifices. They may demonstrate the need for cleansing in the sense of the washings. They may demonstrate the goal or the benefit of salvation which is rest, namely the Sabbath. But all of the symbolic components of the Mosaic Law are built around the redemptive purpose of God.
So that the Law then with those three parts was very comprehensive. Given to a special people it identified how this people was to live in the world, to be a separated people. You know they had dietary laws and they had certain festivals and feasts and all of that that subscribed their...prescribed their daily routine. They had certain customs and traditions in the way they dressed and the way they prepared food and all of that that isolated them out. And then there were ways in which they were to deal with the things that they owned, their crops and their animals and all of that which structured them as a self-contained entity, isolated in some ways from the rest of the world and yet to reach the rest of the world with the truth about the one true God. But that was a civil kind of thing.
The ceremonial law, as I said, was pictures and symbols. Never was a person saved by making an animal sacrifice. Never was a person saved by going through a ceremonial washing. Never was a person saved by maintaining Sabbath or a Jubilee year. People were not saved by keeping the ceremonial law, it was the picture of the need to be saved.
Now then we look most importantly at that middle one, the moral law. Now mark this, when the new covenant comes the civil law, that which uniquely identifies nation...the nation Israel as a separate people is set aside. Why? Because the middle wall has come down. Jew and Gentile are made one in Christ. Right? So there's no more a unique civil social kind of behavioral code for the church. Now there are some people who today still believe there is. Sometimes we call them "Reconstructionists," or "Theonomists," or you may have heard those terms, if you have haven't heard them...good. And if you don't know what I'm talking about, better. But they're trying to impose the whole civil identification of Israel's kind of living on the church which is an unnecessary thing, it's all been set aside. The New Testament makes these issues clear for us.
Now the ceremonial law...set aside. Colossians 2, "Don't let anybody hold you to any of those feasts and new moons and festivals." And, of course, the book of Hebrews shows that the whole sacrificial system has been done away. But the heart and soul of the Law then is the moral law...the moral law. The ceremonial law was temporary, picturing the new covenant which was to come. That is why I said to you in the last couple of weeks that a ceremonial kind of sacramental, sacerdotal, symbolic kind of Christianity is a perversion because that whole approach to ceremony in the true religion of Judaism was only a picture of the new covenant. Once the new covenant comes, you don't need any of that stuff. And I'll say a little more about that in a minute.
Now let's look at the moral law. Just take that middle part called the moral law and let me tell you there were three basic reasons for the moral law...three reasons. Reason number one, to reveal God. You will never see God's essence more clearly, that is the essence of His moral nature, His holiness, His supreme attribute, then you will see it in His revealed Law. That's Him. That's...that's...that's God. The truest expression of God comes through His Law. God is revealed as the holy, holy, holy God that the angels said He was in Isaiah 6 when you look at His Law. So it reveals God.
Secondly, it reveals God's will for man's behavior. God's Law is a standard for man's behavior. Now those first two purposes of the Law are the reason Paul says the Law is holy, just and good because it reveals the truth about a holy God and His holy standard for man's behavior. And then there's a third purpose of the Law. The third purpose of the moral law is therefore to render man a sinner. Because as sinful man comes to the Law and sees holy God, and God's holy standard for him and looks at his own life, he realizes that he comes short, right? So the Law then exposes his sin.
The purpose of the Law then in the Old Testament in one category was to identify a unique people who would live separate from the world as a witness to the true God. The second component of the Law, the ceremonial one, was to give to that people graphic symbolic pictures of a redemption that they desperately needed which was to come later in the new covenant promised to them. And the middle portion, the moral portion, was to reveal God, reveal God's will for man and to leave men very aware that they fell short and were sinners. Never did God intend the ceremonial part of the Law to keep going and going and going and going...and yet that's what the Jews wanted to do with it. These people called Judaizers, or false teachers, or false apostles, or the circumcision party, if you will, they were going around and following Paul and, of course, anywhere there was a church and they were confusing the scene by saying we have to keep the ceremonies, we have to keep the ceremonies, we have to keep the ceremonies because they had been confused at some point and deceived into believing that those ceremonies played a part in salvation. And they never did...never did. They were demanding a return to old covenant symbols which were obsolete since the reality had come. Why do you need the symbol? They wanted to go back and exalt the symbols, and that's absolutely pointless.
It had not only, as I said, rejects the reality of the gospel but it rejects the meaning of the symbols. It turns from the gospel of reality in Christ and the gospel of grace to the empty sacramentalism of symbols and shadows and pictures. And that's what was going on in Corinth and that's what Paul had to address to get them to realize that the old covenant was fine. It had its day, it's had its glory, but the new covenant has come and the old is gone. And that's what he's basically saying in this chapter, as we shall see.
Now I've been telling you that there's a parallel to that today. Today we have a very similar situation. We have evangelical, orthodox, fundamental Christianity, people who go around like we do, preaching the gospel of Christ, salvation by grace alone through faith alone in Christ alone...that great solatestimony of the Reformation. We go around preaching the gospel. And also confusing the scene and following around after us is the Roman Catholic Church, the Greek Orthodox Church, and certain sacramental, sacerdotal forms of high church liturgical Protestantism, advocating symbols and pictures as if they were reality.
This is exactly the same kind of thing that the Apostle Paul was dealing with only in some ways it's worse...at least the Judaizers had a God-ordained and God-instituted bunch of symbols. At least they could say, "Well, they're in the Bible, they're in the Old Testament." At least the Jewish legalists could go back to a system which though now obsolete had originally been instituted and prescribed by God Himself in the Old Testament. Roman Catholicism, on the other hand, has substituted symbols which never were in the Bible and invented them. And they are symbols, believe me, that are in place of the reality. Catholicism through the years and forms of Greek Orthodoxy and Eastern Orthodoxy and even forms of Protestantism have invented their own non-scriptural system of works and ceremonies. The Roman system, for example, has rosary beads, prayers to the saints and Mary, formula prayers, penance, veneration of saints and angels, etc., etc. None of it is biblical, none of it is Old Testament. None of it is New Testament. They just invented it all and it just all grew out of their own musings and traditions and councils and edicts. These kinds of things even show up in, for example, Lutheranism where you have the belief that there is grace being ministered in the real presence of Christ in the communion service itself, where the ritual becomes a reality. They make the blasphemous claim, do these sacramentalists, that Christ is actually present in the elements. He's in the bread and He's in the wine and that when the Mass is taking place and it's being offered to you in the Mass, He is being sacrificed really literally over and over and over and over. And even the worse form of Jewish ritualism never went so far as to invent all of that kind of wild stuff.
So it's not anything that we don't experience today. True simple, pure salvation as understood in the new covenant is always cluttered up by the ritualists. It was then, it is now.
Now, Paul wants us to understand that the old covenant had a glory but it was a temporary glory. It did its role well, it had its place, it served its purpose. But now the new covenant has come. And the new covenant is the saving covenant.
Let's go back then to our text. So much that can be said about all of this. The old covenant then, looking at the moral law, was designed to produce an awareness of sin. It was designed to lead a person to sin. Now if you were a Jew living in the Old Testament, as I told you last time, and you were exposed to the Law of God, which they were...it was read every Sabbath, they were aware of the Law of God, they taught it to their children day in and day out, sitting down, standing up, and walking in the way. And as they were exposed to the Law of God it revealed God...it revealed God's holy standard for their living and consequently it exposed their sin because they never could live up to the standard...never...never. And so it awakened the reality of sin. And it led that Old Testament person, that Old Testament Jew to a point of despair, or a point of brokenness, or contrition...as that word is used also, to a point where he said, "I can't live up to the Law of God, I'm cursed." Cursed is everyone who doesn't abide by all things written in the book of the Law, it says in Deuteronomy. So he knew that he ever broke the Law anywhere he was damned.
So here he has a revelation of the perfect purpose of God, the perfect mind of God, the perfect nature of God and the perfect will of God for man...he can't live up to it, he is a wretched sinner, he's got no hope, he can't save himself. What's he going to do?
Well, the lie was...keep all the sacrifices. And if you just do the sacrifices and show up at the temple on appropriate times and observe the Sabbath and do the washings and eat a kosher diet and take care of all the Sabbath law, if you just do all that stuff, that will save you...that will save you. And that is the kind of false Judaism that grew up and deceived the whole nation so that by the time Jesus arrives, all the leadership of the whole nation of Israel believes that the way to deal with the sin problem is by maintaining the ceremonies. And it's their daily genuflections at the purpose...for the purpose of prayer at the right hour, it's their going through all of the myriad of things that they do ceremonially that delivers them from the consequence of their sinfulness. So instead of seeing the ceremonial part of the Law as a picture of redemption, they saw it as a means of redemption. Just like Catholicism does today. You could look at the symbols of Catholicism and say, "Well certainly they're symbolic of the reality," if they could only see the reality, but the symbol obscures the reality and the deception is that by virtue of attending to the symbols, you've saved yourself. That's the same deception.
So the Law which drives men to sin was never intended to give them a solution to their sin by keeping the ceremonies and yet that became the perversion of Judaism. And that is today the perversion of any sacramental, sacerdotal kind of religion. It's not a relationship. It's not a reality. It's just a bunch of symbols. But the deception is deadly because the deception you think is the solution to the problem, and it isn't. And so you have all these people who are religious...very religious. You can go to the land of Israel and I mean, you'll see some religious Jewish people...I mean, very religious. And they're observing all the ceremonies and they go through it all. I mean, they are devout and they are orthodox and they are going through it all. I've gone in the temple...the synagogue rather, at the old temple ground, I've gone in there, spent hours in there and I've watched these guys going through the Law, studying the letter of the Law, the minutia of the Law. I've watched them with little boys at their feet as they are teaching them the Torah and going through the whole thing. And all of this and they do this hour upon hour upon hour, day after day after day after day, and their conclusion is that they can't live up to the Law. And in order to accommodate that inability, they keep certain ceremonies and certain rituals and do certain works on the side and that's the saving means. And they are never driven to the point where in utter despair and in abject horror over their inability and seeing the uselessness of ceremonial religion, driving themselves to God, crying out, beating on their breasts, "Lord, be merciful to me, a sinner, and save me by grace," they never get to that place. They substitute the ceremony for the salvation God provides in His Son.
And again I say, you have the same thing here that you have with the Roman Catholics who are content to go to the ceremony week after week after week after week and believe in their hearts that that takes care of their sin, right? And it doesn't. I'm not saying this because I don't like Catholics, I'm saying this because I love them. What fool is going to leave them in their deception?
So the Apostle Paul wants to take us back and say, "Look, you need to understand the purpose of the Law in all its components, its moral component to drive you to despair, its ceremonial to show you how desperately you needed a Savior." You're not to see the Law as your salvation in its ceremonial form. Circumcising people isn't going to save them. Putting them through Mosaic ceremony isn't going to save them anymore than some personal effort to keep the moral law could save you. It can't because as soon as you break one thing, you're doomed. That's why Paul says in verse 6 that any true preacher, any true minister, any true servant of God is a servant of a new covenant--of a new covenant.
See, all the Law was ever supposed to do was make your sin visible to you. I'll say more about that in a moment. Now, in describing the better new covenant which he launches in verse 6, Paul makes eight points. He only made seven last week but I found another one. So this week he's going to make eight, but actually he's going to make none of them because we won't get there. But I found at least eight ways in which he shows the superiority of the new covenant here...eight ways. It gives life, produces righteousness, is permanent, brings hope, is clear, centered on Christ, liberating and transforming. Don't worry about that, we'll get to those. Eight superior elements of the new covenant which would cause us to take the old covenant and set it in its proper place, it's been replaced. Marvelous, marvelous distinctions, thrilling distinctions.
Now let me remind you of the first one, we went into that one last week. The new covenant gives life, verse 6. Look at it there. "The new covenant is not of the letter but of the Spirit, for the letter kills but the Spirit gives life." You remember we discussed that, that the new covenant gives life. Because it is spiritual, it is empowered by the Holy Spirit, it is internal. It is not external. And the word "letter" here is not so much the idea of the Law itself but of the misrepresentation of the Law in formality or ceremony. "Letter" literally means the miscomprehension of the Law. It's described, by the way, in Romans 2:27 to 29 where it talks about, "He who is physically circumcised and he who is not," he says, for example in verse 27, "And will not he who is physically uncircumcised if he keeps the Law, will he not judge you who though having the letter of the Law and circumcision are a transgressor of the Law?" And there he distinguishes the letter from the Law...the letter of the Law. And again down in verse 29 he says, "Not by the letter and his praise is not from men but of God." So letter is distinguished from Law there, and I pointed this out last week so I won't go into it in detail.
Letter is a misunderstanding of the Law. Letter is what I told you. It is to look at the moral law and then say, "Oh, the cure is to keep the ceremony." And so you create some external mechanical means of physical observance of these codes and these ceremonies and thereby a system of supposed salvation, that's the letter. And that's particularly damning. The Law is enough to kill you. The Law will kill you in a positive sense because it will drive you to despair and hopefully drive you to Christ. The letter will kill you in a negative way. The letter will kill you for sure for good because the letter appears to be the answer to your dilemma. It is the deception of a false and sacramental religion. The letter is really a killer.
So Paul is saying, "Look, when you have these people coming in and posing on you this external kind of stuff, this misuse, misunderstanding, misapprehension of the Law, it's going to kill you. Only the Spirit can give life. And we are preaching Christ in the power of the Spirit in the new covenant gospel. The sacramental system causes people to pursue salvation by letter, religious ritual...a damning distortion of true Christianity.
Now let's look at the second point and this is the only one we'll cover. Again, I told you I'm not going to hurry through this cause I really want you to get a hold of this. The second point is the new covenant produces righteousness...the new covenant produces righteousness. Let's look at verse 7 and we'll just get started into this one.
If...let's translate it differently..."Since the ministry of death in letters engraved on stones came with glory..." stop there.
Now, for sure, Paul had been accused of depreciating the Law of God. He had been accused of being against the Law of God. In fact, they arrested him in Jerusalem for that and said, "He speaks against the Law." He was called by the Jews an antinomian, somebody who is against Law, nomosbeing the Greek word for Law. He was always getting blasted with that accusation that he was against the Law and the customs and the ceremonies of Judaism. So here he wants us to know that he's not. He sees the old covenant and he sees the Law in its proper perspective. But its proper perspective is to see it in verse 7 as a ministry of death. Since the ministry of death...he says...the ministry of death. Law is a killer. Are you ready for this? Law is the greatest mass murderer in the world's history. That's right. Law is a killer beyond all killers. It has a ministry of death. The Law of God has a ministry of death. It just slays everybody who gets in front of it.
Let me illustrate that by having you go to Romans chapter 7. Romans chapter 7, just follow this thought now from Paul. Let's pick it up at verse 7, "What shall we say then, is the Law sin? Well the answer, may it never be," megennetos, no, no, no, no, no, no, not in any regard, never, can't be. The Law is not sin, nothing wrong with the Law, it's holy, just and good. The Law is not sin. "But, on the contrary," look at verse 7, this is so powerful, "I would not have come to know sin except through the Law."
Now how would I know I was sinning if there wasn't a Law to define my sin? And he gives an illustration. "I would not have known about coveting if the Law had not say, `You shall not covet.'" I wouldn't have known that. "Now if there's no Law then there's no way to define sin." So Paul says, "The Law came to define sin, apart from the Law I wouldn't know I was a sinner." If He don't tell me coveting is a sin, I'm not going to know that it's wrong to do that. So the Law came...notice this now...the Law came to define sin...to define it. And where the Law is you know there's sin.
You know how the human being works? You know how we are? Let me just...just take a contemporary illustration today. Take the Law of God out of society. Okay? Just take the Law of God and remove it from society. Now, how do we decide what's right and wrong? We can't, right? So the lady who is the head honcho of some department at U.C.L.A. gets on the radio yesterday and she says, "We've been greatly misunderstood at U.C.L.A. Somebody is accusing us of discriminating against homosexuals and lesbians because we have an R.O.T.C. program and because the military in the R.O.T.C. has in their judgment a homosexual discriminatory policy and because U.C.L.A. has R.O.T.C therefore U.C.L.A. discriminates against homosexuals." And then goes into this long speech about, "We would never think about doing that. We don't want to do that. U.C.L.A. has a policy and our policy is that we want to accept everybody from every sexual preference," etc., etc. Here is the single greatest educational institution in Southern California who is ostensibly educating the next generation of people who will lead the world and they have absolutely no clue about what is right or what is wrong. They have none. And they want to run as rampantly as they can to the nearest broadcast studio to make sure that nobody thinks they're going to have some kind of a standard that is antiquated as a biblical one. So there's no way to define what is right or what is wrong.
Now what message do they send to their student body? Basically do whatever you want, right? Whatever you want to do, you just do. So what you're doing is saying is just live out your humanity. That's what Hugh Hefner said in the sixties. I'll never forget when I was a student in seminary, I read an article in Christianity Today which involved in interview with him in which he said, "What's wrong with...what's wrong with explicit sex?" He was starting Playboy magazine and all that stuff and that whole mentality. "After all, what's wrong with this? It's a natural urge, isn't it? We have a natural urge to eat, we have a natural urge to drink and to sleep. And we have a natural urge to do this. This is just being human and we have that urge rather frequently like we do to eat. Well what's wrong with just doing that? That's just human behavior." And you know what? The depraved and fallen mind just says yeah...yeah. And so he goes and does that and you think they're out there saying, "O guilt, guilt, guilt?" No. If they don't know the rules, that's why I wrote the book The Vanishing Consciencebecause there's no system to inform the warning system. So why would they feel any compulsion about that?
It's only when some authoritative law comes that they say, "Wait a minute, that's wrong to do that?" "And you mean if I do that I'm a sinner? And you mean sinners go to hell?" Just take out the Law and you can't...you can't get any message across. Paul says I was fine until I ran into the Law. And when I ran into the Law, I said...covet? Covet? You can't do that? I just thought that was just normal human behavior...covet, covet, covet, covet. I just...I coveted almost everything I saw.
So it defines sin. Now I'm going to give you a second thought. It not only defines sin, look at verse 8. "Sin taking opportunity through the commandment produced in me coveting of every kind." I love that. It's like saying to somebody, "Don't think of a pink elephant. Don't you dare think of a pink elephant." As soon as you say to somebody, "Don't covet," what do they do? Covet. When you keep pounding the Law on them, it just excites everything in...it's the sense of saying, "That's wrong...oh, I can..." and all of a sudden you begin to see coveting happening all over the place in your life, don't you? It's everywhere. It's everyplace. It was there all the time. It was never defined for you. And then when the Law came down, your fallenness said, "I don't like that Law," and something in you starts to push you to do more of it. It's like the little kid walking through the store and there's a little sign on the counter, and it says, "Do not touch." And you're standing there and you watch him, his mom looks the other way and he goes...humm. Stay out of the flower bed. And he looks around and sticks his foot in it just so he can say he did it.
It's just the way that the Law is made that when it confronts the fallenness of man it defines his sin and it exacerbates his sin. Remember Pilgrim's Progress? Well Law comes into the room and like a servant, and starts to dust and billowing soot and dust. You never know how dirty it is until you start to dust when the sunlight is coming through the window and you just say, "Whoa, this is..." And that's how the Law...it just stirs dirt up everyplace. That's what it does. It can't produce righteousness, it's just a killer. It's a mass murderer. It has the ministry of death.
In verse 9...or the end of verse 8 he says, "Apart from the Law sin is dead. And I was once alive apart from the Law but when the commandment came, sin became alive and I died." What do you mean? Well he died a spiritual death. He realized that his condition was spiritual death. He realized he was cut off from the life of God, that he was a sinner, he was doomed. The commandment which God intended to result in life was death to me...death to me. The end of verse 11, "It killed me." So then the Law is holy and the commandment is holy, and righteous and good. The problem is not with the Law, the problem is...what?...with me...with me. Verse 14, "The Law is spiritual, I am fleshly, I'm sold under bondage to sin."
The Law, the moral law was given by God to kill you. That's why we have to preach it. That's why you just have to have the moral law, you just have to hold it up and keep the standard high so that it slays people.
Look at Galatians chapter 3, I think I'll take a minute with this and then we'll close. Galatians 3, "The Law then is designed to bring sinners to the knowledge of their sin, not to save them. It can't produce righteousness, it just produces death. Law is inferior, it cannot save. Its purpose is to reveal sin, lead the repentant sinner to faith in God, pleading for God's gracious forgiveness made possible in the sacrifice of Christ."
Look at verse 21 here. "Is the Law then contrary to the promises of God? Megennetosagain, no, no, no, no, no. For if a law had been given which was able to impart life, then righteousness would indeed have been based on law." The law is not contrary to the promises of God, that is the promise of God for life everlasting in salvation. The law isn't contrary to that, it just can't produce it. It just can't make it happen. If it could then righteousness would have been by law. But it can't. The law can't produce righteousness. The old covenant can't produce righteousness.
Now listen to me. Nobody could keep the moral law so keeping the law didn't save you. And going through the ceremonies and the symbols and the pictures didn't save you because that couldn't save you either. And just being a Jew in the civilly identified community didn't save you, none of that did. There's nothing inherent in the Law to save you. In fact, back in verse 10, "Cursed is everyone who doesn't abide by all things written in the book of the Law to perform them." If you ever break one once, the Law will curse you. So the Law isn't going to save you.
Back in verse 19 it says, "The Law was added because of transgression." In other words, the Law came, historically God brought the Law to define sin, to exacerbate sin and to drive the sinner to despair. And verse 22 says, "The Scripture...which is a synonym for the Law...has shut up all men under sin that the promise of faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe." The whole idea of the Law was to shut the sinner up to his sin and make him turn toward a Savior.
Then verse 23, "Before faith came we were kept in custody under the Law, shut up to the faith later to be revealed. Therefore the Law has become our paidagogos, our tutor to lead us to Christ." And this is not a tutor who sits in a classroom and lectures, this is a moral guardian. This was usually a man who was a servant who wasn't so much dispensing information as he was carrying a switch and following the kid around, disciplining and conforming his behavior to a standard. The Law is our tutor, to lead us to Christ that we may be justified by faith. That's the only way you can ever be justified. That's the way Abraham was justified and he was before the Law. And that's the way everybody is justified...everybody. And all who believe who follow the faith of Abraham are the children of Abraham because they're of faith. Faith is the only way to ever be saved in any period of time ever. The Law is just to drive you to God.
And then he says this, verse 25, "Now that faith has come, we're no longer under a tutor." You can set that aside. Its purpose accomplished, put it aside. It brought us to Christ and now the Law is written in our hearts and now we can fulfill it, Romans 8, by the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit. All the Law does is kill. That's why in Romans 3 he says, "By the deeds of the Law no flesh will be justified." The Law just brings the knowledge of sin, that's all it can do. It is then a ministry of death.
Go back to 2 Corinthians 3 and one last comment there. He says, "If the ministry of death," and we know he's talking about the Law because of the next statement, "in letters engraved on stones." What's he talking about there? The Ten Commandments, right? Exodus 32 verses 15 and 16. You remember that Moses was in the mountain, God was giving him the Law...gave him the Ten Commandments written in rock. It says in those verses, 32:15 and 16, "Moses turned and went down from the mountain with the two tablets of the testimony in his hand, tablets which were written on both sides...they were written on one side and the other...and the tablets were God's work and the writing was God's writing engraved on the tablets." That's what Paul has in mind, that very Scripture, no doubt, engraved on the tablets, when he writes here about the Law engraved on stones.
Now what was the Ten Commandments? Listen carefully. It was simply the summary of the moral law. It was the summary of the moral law reduced down to ten commandments. But really, the whole law is encompassed in those ten as the whole ten is encompassed in the two, "Love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul, mind and strength and your neighbor as yourself." So God wrote His moral law in stone. And the purpose of that was to destroy.
Through the years of my life and ministry I have collected lots of fascinating memorabilia. I've traveled all over the world, as you know, in lots of places and I've come home with all kinds of things that people give me that are a part of my life in sort of myriad of memories that surround me in my various offices and studies. One very precious treasure was given to me a number of years ago by a friend. It's a quite small and obscure little thing but I never look at it without having a tear in my heart, if not in my eye. It is a pencil etching, framed, of someone who is supposed to be Moses. And over his head he's holding the tables of stone. And he's got this fierce look on his face and he is ready to bring them down on the head of this fragile sort of bedraggled despairing weak wan looking person, ready literally to just crush their life out with the Law. Only surrounding this poor bedraggled frail soul is Christ and He's got His arms wrapped around his chest and His shoulders over his head and he is completely engulfed in the embrace of Christ so that he could never be hit. The Law would only hit Christ and, of course, He would shatter it into a million pieces.
And I look at that and I think that magnificently depicts what the Law intends to do and what only Christ can prevent it from doing because Christ, says Galatians 3, bore the curse. The Law did come down only whose life did it take? His life, it smashed His life. And in smashing His life itself was smashed in terms of its ability to kill the one He protects. Tremendous. The letters engraved in stone are a killer. Boy, anybody running around thinking you're going to get into heaven by keeping the moral law, by being a good moral person...forget it. It will crush you to power unless you're protected by Christ. And when it hits Him it will never touch you. In fact, He'll die in your place. Tremendous truth.
Paul says, "This Law, don't misunderstand me, came with glory. It came with glory." There was glory on the mountain. The cloud was there, the lightning, the thunder was there. The angels were there because the Law was mediated by angels. God was there writing in with a fiery finger in tables of stone. There was glory all over the place. Don't think the Law is depreciated. Don't think Moses...Moses elevated what Paul despises. No, Paul did not despise the law of God as his enemies suggested. He says, "It came with glory." It had its place, it was glorious, holy, just and good. What Paul despises is not the Law, but misuse of the Law...misrepresentation of the Law. The Law came with glory, but...but, at the end of verse 7 it says, "The glory of the Law was...what kind of glory?...fading glory," right? Fading glory.
It had a glory but a glory that passed away and is replaced by the glory of the new covenant. The new covenant gives life. The new covenant produces righteousness. The Law couldn't give life, it just killed. It couldn't produce righteousness. All it did was excite sin. It produced death and sin. The new covenant, life and righteousness.
Now that's the foundation of the rest of the passage. The rest of it is an illustration. And you know how he illustrates it? He illustrates it in a most remarkable and amazing way by taking us back to an incident with Moses at that mount when he went in to get the law of God, saw God face to face and came out with God's glory all over his face. Paul selects that marvelous, incredible event in redemptive history as his illustration of the fading glory of the old covenant to be replaced by the permanent glory of the new. So next week we'll go back to Exodus, we'll live with Moses through that incident which becomes the foundation for the rest of the passage. Let's pray together.
We're so blessed, our Lord, to have an understanding, even a simple understanding of Your great profound truth, of Your provision for us in Christ. We're so grateful that You have opened to us a proper understanding of the Law and the gospel, the old covenant, the new. Father, we know that salvation has always been by Your grace through the simple faith of the repentant sinner wrought in his heart by the Holy Spirit. Lord, we would pray for anyone who is here this morning who is living under the terrible, terrifying deception that somehow they can keep enough moral laws and be good enough to earn heaven. O Lord, save them from that damning deception. And, Lord, save that person who thinks that if they can do enough ceremonies and go to church enough and light enough candles and say enough beads and pray enough prayers and go through a proper baptism or take a proper Mass or engage in a communion service that somehow that will save them. Deliver them from that equally damning deception and shut up every sin to his sin. May he realize his sin. May his sin be excited in every dimension of his life until he can see the fullness of it. And may he or she then come pleadingly and repentantly to Christ who will take the blow for the repentant heart. We thank You that the new covenant in Christ gives life, life abundant and life eternal and produces righteousness, the very righteousness of Christ imputed to cover us. Father, we thank You for this. Deliver us from ever falling back into the trappings, the external things when the reality is Jesus Christ. And may we with Paul give testimony to the fact that we used to do all of that until we saw the surpassing value of knowing Christ and everything else became rubbish. May we with Paul seek to know Christ, the power of His resurrection, the fellowship of His sufferings and be made conformable unto His death. Give us Christ's centered lives that will be to His praise and glory for we ask in His name. Amen.
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